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PM :Nouri Al-Maliki
Nouri Mohammed Hassan Al-Maliki, was approved by the Iraqi parliament on 20/05/2006 to serve as Iraq’s first-ever elected Prime Minister of a full-term government. He had been elected as one of Islamic Dawa Party’s Members of the Iraqi National Assembly as part of the United Iraqi Alliance (UIA) slate in January 2005, and again in March 2006, this time heading the Babil list. In the previous
  transitional assembly, he served as the Head of the Defence Committee (2005-2006), was a leading member of the committee drafting the Iraqi Constitution and was the official spokesman for the UIA up until his nomination for premiership. He was also a member of the De-Baathification Committee from 2003 to 2005.

Born in July 1950 in Abi Gharq west of Hilla in the Babil province, Nouri Al-Maliki received a bachelor's degree at Usul Al-Din College in Baghdad, and a master's degree in Arabic literature from Salah Al-Din University in Sulaimania. He had been involved in Dawa discussion circles before then, but it was only when he became a student that he became highly active politically.

From there on, he devoted his time to political resistance, working tirelessly to spread Dawa’s message amongst the student population, helping recruit members and rising quickly up the ranks of the party. In the years to follow, he developed a particularly strong reputation for his argumentative and organisational skills, and his bravery in the face of the Baathist onslaught on Dawa. He was finally forced to leave Iraq through Jordan on 21st October 1979 after learning of the regime’s intention to have him killed. Saddam would later go on to pass a death sentence against him in 1980, a few months after he had left Iraq. Several plans to have Nouri Al-Maliki assassinated in exile were implemented, but none succeeded.

In exile, Nouri Al-Maliki, under the pseudonym “Jawad”, lived in Syria until 13/01/1982 when he moved to Iran. There he lived for a year in Ahwaz, before moving to Tehran, where he lived until 1989. His decision to go back permanently to Syria that year was faltered when he fell seriously ill and was forced to halt his plans. But, on 16th September 1990 he finally left Iran to return to Damascus where he remained until the fall of Saddam in April 2003.

During his time in Syria, Al-Maliki was highly active in the political arena. He oversaw the publication of the Dawa Party owned newspaper ‘Al-Mawqif’ and soon became head of the influential Damascus Branch of Dawa. In 1990, he worked on the Joint Action Committee, a Damascus-based opposition coalition, serving as one of the rotating chairmen. He toured Europe and the Middle East to garner support for the Iraqi opposition movement and its struggle against the regime. On 11th March 1991, these efforts culminated in the Beirut conference, where the 17 main Iraqi political parties and Iraqi NGOs met, with delegates from Lebanon, Syria, Iran and Kuwait as well as other international organisations present.

In the 2003 Dawa leadership election, he won a seat on the leadership council in the Dawa party, emerging as one of the most influential leaders in the party, a key negotiator and a driven leader.

Following the fall of Saddam’s regime in March 2003, Nouri Al-Maliki realised his dream of returning to his beloved Iraq. He has since worked assiduously to fulfil the Iraqi people’s and Dawa’s ambition for a free and prosperous democratic Iraq.

Nouri Al-Maliki is married to Fareeha Khalil and has four daughters and one son.
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